PASSIVE VOICE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

VIDEO: PASSIVE VOICE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

Con esta lección aprenderás a usar PASSIVE VOICE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE. Vamos a repasar el uso del Presente Perfecto en Voz Activa y Voz Pasiva.

Haz clic en la imagen para ver el video:

passive voice present perfect tense

GUÍA DE ESTUDIO: PRESENTE PERFECTO EN VOZ PASIVA

SIGUE PRACTICANDO CON LA SERIE DE VOZ PASIVA:

PRESENTE PERFECTO: VOZ ACTIVA

El presente perfecto se utiliza para indicar un vínculo entre el presente y el pasado. El momento de la acción es anterior a ahora pero no está especificado, y a menudo estamos más interesados en el resultado que en la acción en sí.

APRENDE A USAR BEEN:

La palabra BEEN es el pasado participio del verbo TO BE. Se puede usar con el auxiliar HAVE / HAS para hacer oraciones en los tiempos perfectos.

PAST PARTICIPLES:

Muchos verbos en inglés tienen formas de tiempo pasado irregular, así como participios de pasado irregulares. Si está estudiando gramática en inglés, es necesario que memorices el pasado irregular y los participios pasados que encuentras en este video.

CÓMO USAR JUST, ALREADY Y YET CON EL PRESENTE PERFECTO

VIDEO:

Con esta lección aprenderás cómo usar Just, Already y Yet con el Presente Perfecto.

Haz clic en esta imagen para ver el video:

cómo usar just already y yet con el presente perfecto

GUÍA DE ESTUDIO:

SIGUE PRACTICANDO:

JUST:

Just significa “a short time ago” – hace poco tiempo.

Lo puedes usar con el Presente Perfecto o con el Simple Past.

EXAMPLES:

1.

Question: Are the painters here?

Present Perfect: Yes, they’ve just arrived.

Simple Present: Yes, they just arrived.

2.

Question: Are you hungry?

Present Perfect: No, we’ve just had dinner.

Simple Present: No, we just had dinner.

3.

Question: Are the veterinarians in the clinic?

Present Perfect: No, sorry, they’ve just left.

Simple Past: No, sorry, they just left.

ALREADY:

Already significa “before expected” – antes de lo esperado.

Lo puedes usar con el Presente Perfecto y el Pasado Simple.

EXAMPLES:

4.

Question: What time is the dentist coming?

Present Perfect: He’s already arrived.

Simple Present: He already arrived.

5.

Present Perfect: It’s only 6:00 A.M. and we’ve already sold all the vegetables and fruit.

Simple Past: It’s only 6:00 A.M. and we already sold all the vegetables and fruit.

6.

Sentence: The new mail carrier is very polite.

Present Perfect: Yes, I know. I’ve already met him.

Simple Past: Yes, I know. I already met him.

YET:

Yet significa “until now” – hasta ahora.

Lo puedes usar con el Presente Perfecto y Pasado Simple.

Únicamente se usa con oraciones negativas y preguntas.

Se coloca al final de la oración.

EXAMPLES:

7.

Question: Are you watching the weather forecast?

Present Perfect: No, they haven’t aired it yet.

Simple Past: No, they didn’t air it yet.

8.

Question: Does Andy know we’re having pizza for dinner?

Present Perfect: No, I haven’t told him yet.

Simple Past: No, I didn’t tell him yet.

9.

Present Perfect: Have they sold all the donuts yet?

Simple Past: Did they sell all the donuts yet?

10.

Present Perfect: Has she gone to the new grocery store yet?

Simple Past: Did she go to the new grocery store yet?

PRACTICA CÓMO USAR JUST, ALREADY Y YET CON EL PRESENTE PERFECTO

EXERCISE 1:

Transforma estas oraciones en Present Perfect:

  1. Did she was the dishes yet?
  2. Did you tell your son to clean his room yet?
  3. I just drank a big glass of orange juice, so I’m not thirsty.
  4. Billy can play outside because he already did his homework.
  5. You can’t go to school, you didn’t have breakfast yet.
  6. I can’t talk to the secretary because she just went home.
  7. Betty just had a baby, so she can’t go to work.

EXERCISE 2:

Transforma estas oraciones en Pasado Simple.

  1. Have you given flowers to your girlfriend yet?
  2. I haven’t eaten onion rings yet.
  3. We’ve just spoken to the new manager.
  4. Has Daniel bought a new car yet?
  5. I haven’t told anyone I broke up with my boyfriend yet.
  6. I’ve already made my bed.
  7. He’s just run 2 miles and he feels great!